A neurologist will usually often a course of corticosteroid infusions (Methylprednisolone, Solu-Medrol, and IVSM are the googleable terms) for acute relapses. These are the big guns, 1000mg delivered by IV each day for 3-5 days, sometimes in hospital, though some can have home visits from a nurse.
The mechanism is the quick reduction in inflammation. This can be helpful in varying degrees and in terms of shortening the relapse or lessening its effects. It's less helpful for some types of relapses than others. Some find the side effects difficult, and it's by no means something that gets recommended to take often. I've only had a course twice in my five years of MS.
That sounds awful!! I would definitely seek advice from your neuro if you can, as detailed in the comment above the only way i know of slowing a relapse is IV steroids. I have had a course of them before, I was pretty lucky, I didn't really feel any side effect except maybe increased appetite but i was laid up in hospital for 3 days while they were administered so that could have been because i was bored :)
I dont think there is anything you can do at home to stop it or slow it down.
Thinking of you and hope you get some relief soon.
I doubt that many neuros would order IV Solumedrol simply because the patient feels an attack coming on, because it might be mild and transient. A not-too-bothersome exacerbation lasting, say, a week, would not be a good candidate for IV or even oral steroid intervention, because steroids certainly have their downsides, as I well know. If it's possible to hang in there and just tolerate it a while, that's often a good plan.
On the other hand, a flare that comes on strong and/or causes extreme pain or disability can be dealt with swiftly and almost immediately. Then it's a judgment call as to whether potential side effects are worth it. Often they are. But keep in mind that steroids can have cumulative effects over time, one example being brittle bones. There are other issues to be considered as well, such as periods of compromised immunity.
So my advice on this is to reserve steroids for intolerable situations, or for those where the flare might be a couple of weeks old, resulting in significantly diminished quality of life in various aspects. IV steroids, to be effective, don't have to be administered at the very beginning. I think they should be saved for the intolerable.
I'm glad this question was asked. Being new to this I m hesitant to do the steroids.. But I wonder.. What's the definition of intolerable? I suppose everyone has their own level of tolerance. So If you have a relapse involving a " foot drop" or where your leg has lost feeling.. Can you wait THAT out? Will it resolve?
When I think a flare might be coming I notice my fatigue tends to worsen so I try to sleep more. Not sure if it helps anything but it makes me feel like I am being proactive. Or maybe just lazy. :)
Seriously, I sleep, relax and become a hermit. If a relapse hits well, I tried but there is no real proven way to prevent one that I know of.
The draw back to steroids besides the side effects is rebound effect. You can have the symptoms come back the same or stronger after steroids. No case of MS is changed by steroids they only help at the time to reduce inflammation. I have never been on them for MS. It is risk/ benefit. Overtime they are not good for the liver. If the MS is that bad you take the risk. You can also do symptom relief muscle relaxers or nerve medication like neurontin.
Sometimes understanding something helps. I have two partially collapsed lungs. Since I know they are not fatal like a blood clot I can live with them. Exercise is actually good for them. I would not have figured that out. When I just hurt when I breathed it scared me and the doctors.
I agree that IVSM should be reserved for more severe relapses. In my experience, it didn't help at all with numbness or diplopia. I had diplopia for a year following IVSM. It was very helpful for optic neuritis and MS hug. Both symptoms resolved within several days of the first dose.