In treating deep venous thrombosis (DVT), the main goal is to prevent a pulmonary embolism (PE). Other goals of treatment include preventing the clot from becoming larger, preventing new blood clots from forming, and preventing long-term complications.
The treatment of DVT and PE are similar. In both cases, the primary approach is anticoagulation (blood thinners). Other available treatments, which may be used in specific situations, include thrombolytic therapy or placing a filter in a major vein (IVC).
When I was 49 years old, still thinking I was a teenager, I fell from a height and shattered my lower leg. When I looked down I was looking at the bottom of my foot pointing straight up towards my crotch. After surgery which included a plate and seven screws in my lower leg down near my ankle I was on painkillers, which I only took for the first two days after the surgery, and was told to keep my foot above my heart and sit on the couch and watch TV. So I did and after about 3 or 4 weeks of that I suddenly started having a hard time breathing but it was only when I was sitting sort of half lay sitting with your foot up or laying on my side. If I stood up and was on my crutches or my kneeling wheel scooter thing I was fine I could breathe and there was no pain. Because of that I thought it must have just been a pulled or strained muscle in my abdomen so I didn't go to the doctors or the ER until the following day when it seemed to be getting worse and I finally under protest went to the ER at the urging of my wife. In the ER they took some blood and they did a EKG and CT scan and sent me back into the patient room. Then suddenly the ER doctor flings the door open. He looked like he saw a ghost and exclaimed "we're admitting you right now, you have several giant blood clots". He immediately turned and ran down the hall. My wife stuck her head out the door and said what do you mean giant blood clots and he yelled back to her as he's running down the hall,"he shouldn't be alive"!
It turned out my pulmonary saddle, where the blood comes out of your heart and splits like a t intersection to go to each of your lungs, was 80% blocked and I had several clots in my left lung in addition to several clots in my leg, the leg that I had surgery on. So I was in the hospital for several days on IV anticoagulants tons of blood tests more CT scans more procedures and so forth and it turned out that I tested negative for all the blood clotting factors. So I was sent home and for some reason they want me to be on anticoagulants for the rest of my life although they said after 6 months the existing blood clots should all be smooth down and worn away. So I'm not sure why they want me to continue on the blood thinners but I'm kind of scared to go off them. Long story short I could have easily been dead because the blood clots went through my heart and then got lodged just outside my heart at the pulmonary saddle. And I had no indication that I had a blood clot in my leg because my leg was already in such discomfort and pain and swelling and discoloration from the surgery that I just assumed it was the surgery. So long story short if you have a pain in your leg like in your calf or behind your knee something like that always go get it checked out especially if it's a throbbing pain and maybe warm to the touch. You need to at least get an ultrasound if not a CT with contrast.
In DVT, (Deep Vein Thrombosis) is a blood clot that resides inside your vein in your leg. It is not deadly. It becomes deadly if you don't treat it because it could spread to your lungs, leaving you with Pulmonary Embolism. Which is a blockage in the pulmonary artery, which could be deadly if not treated. Usually DVT will show symptoms before it gets too severe. Symptoms of DVT are: Pain while Walking, difficulty flexing the area that is associated with DVT. The main cause of DVT is prolonged sitting, where lack of movement prevents the blood flowing back to the heart (Since the veins in the legs bring blood back to the heart, but are affected by movement, since the muscles in your legs pushes the blood up to your heart) and if you sit for too long, the blood will start pooling. At first when blood pools, it's not to worry about, but if the blood pools for too long, then the chemicals in your blood will start over-reacting, and will start a clot, and if that clot breaks off, it could travel to your heart or lungs, and blocking blood flow to the brain. Fix for late-stage DVT is an emergent event and you need to get to the ER if you experience shortness of breath. It could be a sign of DVT, heart failure, or in severe cases, a heart attack.
Wondering how you are are? Has there been any update?
Gosh, very sorry to hear this. I can't imagine that they don't want to treat you at all! That would not work for me. Can you get a second (or third) opinion? I would absolutely consider doing this! Are they planning to remove the ovarian cyst? Over 5 cm they normally will. I'm worried about you! You should be on blood thinners unless you are planning to have surgery (for the ovarian cyst). Clot busting drugs are also used. Compression stockings are the norm! I think you need some further guidance! Let me know how you are doing!